NATURAL PROTECTED TERRITORY “LAPLAND FOREST”

Together with a natural massif of Lapland strict nature reserve, this territory forms the largest in the continental part of Fennoscandia complex of primarily and close to them ecosystems, including the most part of typical natural landscapes of Northern Fennoscandia. The pine forests of Yaurijoki river valley and on the northern slopes of Ionn-Njugoaiv range represent the last in the Murmansk region and, probably, in all Northern Europe large massive of oldgrowth pine forests.

The numerous habitats of rare species of animals and plants placed in the RED book of Russia and IUCN were found on this territory by the experts of the Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute, Institute of North Ecology Problems (Kola Science Center of RAS), Biodiversity Conservation Centre and other organizations

For example, golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) was met at various times, white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) and osprey (Pandion haliaetus) are nesting here. Lichen Brioria fremontii and quilwort (Isoetes setacea) are widespread. The endemic of Fennoscandia - arnica alpine (Arnica alpina) was met in the mountains. According to the active Criminal and Administrative codes of Russian Federation the responsibility for infringement of habitats of those species which placed in to the Red Book of Russia is stipulated.

The conservation of this object is rather important for maintenance of ecological balance of Lapland strict nature reserve, which eastern part is subjected to air pollution of “Severonickel” copper-nickel smelter.

Taking into account a unique role of this forest massif in maintaining of ecological stability in Northern Europe, “Lapland forest” is included in “Green Belt of Fennoscandia” - international system of reservates in the Barents-region offered as objects of the World natural and cultural heritage of UNESCO.

“Lapland forest” is one of the objects of the Agreement territories between the Ministry of Environment of Finland and Committee of Environmental Protection of Murmansk region from May 25, 1998 about joint works on biodiversity conservation and creation new nature protected.

A number of largest Finnish and Scandinavian forestry companies observe the moratorium on purchases and logging of valuable forest massifs on the territory of Karelia and Murmansk region (including the territory of “Lapland forest”).

Some pictures of "Lapland forest"