«Information-diagnostic system for environment protection management
in murmansk region » (2000 – 2004)
The project is financially supported by the State Committee on natural
resources of the Murmansk region.
Information-diagnostic system (IDS) for environment protection management
in the Murmansk region is due to have good interface possibilities and
carry on a dialog with the user, allow getting facts in a standard form
as well as answers to the "what if..." questions with further
analysis of results by a specialist.
There were developed structural-objective basis of IDS, established
tasks' priorities, made users' interface on the basis of GIS ArcView
3.2, realized separate modules of the unit "Forecast of environmental
situation by changing impact parameters" as well as formed an information-reference
subsystem containing series of thematic maps and attributive databases.
Interface tools envisage the development of IDS.
Tasks for the year 2001 stage were set based on economic and technical
possibilities as well as accessibility of necessary primary information
and presence of scientific-methodical provision for realization of subsystems,
separate units and modules.
1. Update the unit on forecast of ecological situation by changing impact
parameters with the module "Forecast for natural-territorial complexes
in the impact zone of the "Severonickel" smelter" as
well as multimedia showing the dynamics of processes.
2. Establish a unit to synthesize assessment ecological maps, including
development of a program and users' interface.
3. Establish a unit of especially protected nature territories, including
the development of assessment modules and users' interface.
4. Adapt the interface to the IDS.
5. Prepare the "Manual for the IDS user" and advise the specialists
of the State Committee on Natural Resources of the Murmansk region on
Project «Development of ecological-economical grounds
for especially protected nerretories in Murmansk region» (1998
The project was financially supported by the Finnish side within
the Cooperation Agreement between the Finnish Ministry on Environment
and State Committee on Nature Protection in Murmansk region to preserve
biodiversity and develop the net of especially protected nature territories
(EPNT) in Murmansk region.
A scientific-methodical approach was developed to establish the regional
net of EPNT based on assessing the preservation level of centres rich
in species' number and large massifs of low-damaged natural ecosystems.
On the basis of conceptual issues on biotic regulation of environment
and polarization of landscape there were formulated the main criteria
for key objects by EPNT selection. They are:
a) preservation level of centres rich in species number;
b) preservation level of large massifs of low-damaged natural ecosystems.
These criteria can be used to ground various ranges of EPNT. Key objects
are top-priority objects to establish the net of EPNT. The strategy
for forming the net of EPNT in Murmansk region was developed. Key objects
are selected according to the criteria mentioned above. There are made
ecological-economic grounds for national parks, complex refugiums.
Results of this work have been considered by the Collegium of State
Committee on Nature Protection in Murmansk region and recommended for
realization on 26.04.2000.
Project «Preperetion and publishing of ecological atlas
of the Mrmansk region» (1996 – 1999)
The project was financially supported by the Ecological Fund
of Murmansk region. It was published in 1999 in an edition of 1000 copies.
Partners: Faculty of Geography of the Moscow State University, State
Committee on Nature Protection in the Murmansk region, Euro-Asian Association
"Ecological balance", Murmansk Territorial Administration
on Environment Protection in the Murmansk region, Murmansk Marine Biological
Institute and Institute of Economy Problems of the Kola Science Centre,
Russian Academy of Sciences, Committee on Natural Resources in the Murmansk
region, Kola Information-Laboratory Centre (Apatity).
Atlas is based on monitoring results and research investigations of
environment, statistical materials, cartographic and literary sources.
There were generalized materials showing ecological consequences of
intensive industrial development of the territory during recent 70 years.
Contents reflects ecological situation in the region at the end of the
20th century in detail. Atlas consists of four issues, including the
series of maps classified by their thematic contents. The First issue
"Nature Management" gives and overall idea about the economic
use and system of environmental monitoring. The Second issue "Natural
ecological conditions" shows the initial state of vegetation, soils,
water and other components of environment as well as landscape-geochemical
potential of acidification and self-purification of geosystems, level
of critical loads for soils and water, i.e. natural conditions of modern
ecological situation. The Third issue "Anthropogenic impact on
environment" includes maps defining anthropogenic load as well
as pollution levels of air, surface and underground water, vegetation
and soils. The Fourth issue "Ecological state of nature complexes
and medical-ecological situation" contains assessment maps made
on the basis of maps from previous issues and other cartographic materials
using the complex ecological-geographical criteria: state of natural
territorial complexes near non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises, quality
of water in large lakes, ecological capacity of landscapes, tensity
of ecological situation as well as population health indices connected
with industrial change of environment.
Atlas includes more than 60 maps on a scale of 1:2000000 to 6000000
on more than 80 cartography themes. Separate maps and schemes show the
deepest industrial changes in natural complexes caused by focus industrial
nature management on a scale of 1:70000 to 1:700000. All maps are made
on one geographic basis according to conformal conical Lambert projection.
Additional ecological information is given in accompanying tables, diagrams
and explanatory texts. Contents of maps and texts are illustrated by
original colour pictures. Most of them were made specially for this
Atlas is a scientific-reference edition destined for scientists and
managers dealing with problems of rational use of natural resources
and nature conservation. As a reference book, it will be of use for
residents of the Murmansk region who pay attention to ecological problems
as well as to city councils and health care institutions, organizations
involved in the ecological upbringing and education.
There was prepared also the GIS version of the Atlas in ARS/INFO format.
On the basis of domestic GIS GeoGraph/GeoDraw there was established
information-reference system on sources of emissions and emissions of